• Les Quantifieurs

    Les Quantifieurs


    (p.43 + Chapitres du Dictionnaire Grammatical)


    • All = totalité

    • All + dénombrable ou indénombrable



    • All the actors in Ocean's Eleven are famous.

    • I've read all the book.

    • He drank all the beer in the pub.



    All Ø + N / ALL THE + N

    Ex : All Ø soldiers defend their country

    All the soldiers in the camp were killed.


    Expressions de durée :

    All Ø night / All Ø morning

    They're been playing outside all Ø day.


    Dénombrable singulier :

    I've read all the book = I've read the whole book.


    Dénombrable pluriel :

    All families were repesented  Whole families were represented.

    Toutes les familles                    Toutes les familles au complet


    ALL seul ?

    Elle a tout pris she took all → She took everything.



    EVERY = tous dans un ensemble

    EVERY + nom / verbe au singulier

    ex : Every brother starded a career as a singer.

    Every singer worries about HIS/THEIR carrer. (« Their » si on ne sait pas s'il y a un « her »)


    Expressions de fréquence :

    ex : He plays tennis every Sunday. (singulier)

    He goes to the cinema every two weeks. (pluriel !)


    Attention à la distinction entre « everyone » et « every one »

    Everyone enjoyed the party. ≠ He is invited to a lot of parties and he goes to every one. 

    Tout le monde                                                                                                     chacune

                                                                                                              (we could say « to every party »)




    Every brother started a career as a singer. → Tous les frères

    Each brother starded a career as a singer. → Chaque frère

    EACH = tous dans un ensemble, vus individuellement.

    Each + dénombrable singulier

    Each + OF + THE + dénombrable pluriel

    ex : Each candidate / Each of the candidates is being interviewed.

    Each candidates / Each of the candidate



    BOTH = totalité (deux éléments seulement)

    BOTH + Dénombrable pluriel

    BOTH (OF) + Déterminant + pluriel

    ex : Both legs were broken in the accident

    Both (of) his parents attended his graduation

    The both cats. → JAMAIS The + both.


    Both sisters went to Las Vegas (action identique)

    Both sisters met in Las Vegas (action réciproque) → THE TWO sisters met in Las Vegas.

    on ne peut utiliser both que s'il y a une action identique



    EITHER / NEITHER (un élément parmi deux) + dénombrable singulier

    ex : You can eat a spider or a slug. Either choice will be fun to watch ! → l'un ou l'autre

    Neither creature will be nice to eat. (aucune) → ni l'un ni l'autre


    Either Ø will be fun to watch ! / Neither Ø will be nice to eat.

    L'un ou l'autre                              Aucun


    She didn't like either creature. / She likes neither creature. / She didn't like neither creature.




    Both Tom and Jerry are stupid.

    Neither Tom nor Jerry are very clever. (Ni... ni...)

    Either Tom or Jerry will win. (Soit... soit...)



    MOST (la plupart)

    MOST + dénombrable pluriel / indénombrable

    ex : Most Ø Americans voted for George Bush in 2001.

     Most Ø Software is unreliable.

    Most OF THE Americans i know are quite intelligent.

    Most of Americans... Most the Americans...



    MUCH / MANY / A LOT OF (grande quantité)

    > Phrases affirmatives : LOTS OF / A LOT OF

    ex : There are lots of cars / a lot of cars outside. (nom pluriel, verbe au pluriel).

    There is lots of money / a lot of money here. (nom indénombrable, verbe au singulier).


    > Phrases affirmatives : MANY possible, MUCH

    MANY = dénombrable pluriel

    MUCH = indénombrable singulier

    ex : There are many cars outside. / There is much money here.


    > Phrases affirmatives avec SO et TOO :

    ex : There are SO MANY cars outside. / There is SO MUCH money here.


    > Phrases négatives / interrogatives : MUCH, MANY

    Ex : You don't have many friends.

    Did you drink much vodka last night ?



    A FEW / A LITTLE (petite quantité)

    A FEW + dénombrable / A LITTLE + indénombrable

    ex : I have a few pets.

    I have a little money.

    I have a little dog / little dogs. (size here).



    Ø FEW / A FEW

    ex : I can buy myself a hotdog : I've got a few dollars / a little money.

    I can't buy myself a hotdog : I have Ø few dollars / Ø little money.



    SO / TOO + FEW, LITTLE (idée négative renforcée)

    ex : There is SO little time for parties.

    There were TOO few customers in this shop. It closed down.



    SOME / ANY


    Tableau valeur quantitative


    Tableau valeur qualitative

    Valeur qualitative

    Dans cet emploi, avec Indénimbrables + Dénombrables



    Existence d'un élémet dont on ignore les caractéristiques :

    There must be some reason.

    Valeur appréciative : She's some girl !

    Peut être négatif ou positif (= cette fille, c'est quelque chose!)

    Indifférence (n'importe lequel/laquelle)

    Ex : She could solve any problem.

    * Avec de l'indénombrable singulier que s'il est possible de distinguer différents types :

    Any wine will do with this meat. =/ Any money will be useful.





    Indéfinition :

    - I've got to buy some shoes. (un certain nombre, supérieur à 0 mais non précisé → quantité)

    - I'll meet him some time next week. (A un moment donné, sans précision → qualité)

    Absence de choix :

    - Did you receive any messages from him ?




    Quand la quantité est précise le terme est invariable.

    * 2 billion men / Seventy thousand books...

    * Hundreds of pilgrims left Europe for America.


    Quantité approximative → variable (et pas de of).

    * Thirty thousand people =/ thirty thousand of people

    * Three dozen eggs = trois douzaines d'oeufs =/ three dozens OF eggs

    * Les 10 premiers jours =/ the ten first days → the first ten days.


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